Analysis of Growth and Carcass Traits of Dumbi Sheep Breed Male Lambs Different Management Systems Pages 56-59

Analysis of Growth and Carcass Traits of Dumbi Sheep Breed Male Lambs Different Management Systems
Pages 56-59Creative Commons License

MuhammadAkram Safi, Huma Rizwana, Hubdar Ali Kaleri, Asma Kaleri, Kamal-Uddin Mandokhial, Abdul Satar Safi, Rameez Raja Kaleri, Asad Ullah and Muhammad Rasheed
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.10
Published: 29 March 2017

Abstract: Present research was performed on twelve male lambs of Dumbi sheep breed kept in 2 management systems at Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences, Department of Livestock Management, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam. Animals were divided into two different groups. A groups animal were kept in semi intensive with provision of open grazing and concentrates while, Bgroup animals were kept in intensive management system with provision of green fodder and concentrate. Study was performed till 8 weeks and lambs were observed weekly foraverage body weight and carcass characteristics of both groups were recorded. The results of current study showed that average body weight of group A was (8.33 kg)found significantly high (P>0.05) as compared to the group B (6.86 kg). Moreover carcass characteristics of Dumbi lamb was also observed higher in group A as compared group B. While during comparison of the economical values of both groups, it was observed that group A was found more economical than group B. It is concluded that semi-intensive management system was found better as compared to intensive management system.

Keywords: Dumbi lamb, body growth, carcass weight, management systems.

Correlation Estimates between Carcass Traits of Nili Ravi and Kundhi Buffalo Pages 52-55

Correlation Estimates between Carcass Traits of Nili Ravi and Kundhi Buffalo
Pages 52-55Creative Commons License

Muhammad Siddiq Zardari, Hubdar Ali Kaleri, Rameez Raja Kaleri, Asma Kaleri, Abdul Kabir, Syed Ramazan Shah, Tahir Niaz, Azhar Hussain Kaleri and Amjad Jakhro
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.09
Published: 28 March 2017

Abstract: Present study was designed to estimates the correlation between carcass traits of Nili Ravi and Kundhi buffalo. The data for carcass traits of Nili Ravi and Kundhi buffalo was collected from Seven Star International Meat Processing Company Dhabeji at Thatta. In current study the data of total 100 animals of Kundhi and Nili Ravi breed were selected and divided into A, B, C and D group. In group A and C there were Kundhi and Nili Ravi male whereas, B and D females of both breeds respectively. The data including live body weight, carcass weight, dressing percentage and boneless weight of both breeds Kundhi and Nili Ravi were collected for the estimation of correlation.The results for correlation estimates of different carcass traits indicated that the correlation estimation were found positive and high among Nili Rave breed as compared to Kundhi breed, which shows that an increase in one carcass trait would increase the other carcass traits. It was concluded that Nili Ravi carcass traits are better expressed and produces more beef than Kundhi, while Kundhi male is better in beef production than the Nili Ravi female whereas Kundhi female produces low carcass yield.

Keywords: Correlation, Carcass traits, Nili Ravi, Kundhi Buffalo.

Effect of Natural Enemy (Chrysoperla carnea Stephens) against Sucking Insect Pests of Okra Pages 47-51

Effect of Natural Enemy (Chrysoperla carnea Stephens) against Sucking Insect Pests of Okra
Pages 47-51Creative Commons License

Syed Shahzad Ali, Syed Sohail Ahmed, Huma Rizwana, Ali Ahmed, Abdul Ghaffar Khoso, Paras Mureed, Sumbel Mureed, Falak Naz Meano, Muhammad Ibrahim Mengal and Shahid Ali Shahwani
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.07
Published: 16 March 2017

Abstract: An experiment effect of natural enemy (Chrysoperla carnea Stephens.) against sucking insect pests of Okra was carried out at Latif Farm, Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam during 2014.The results showed that overall maximum mean population of jassids (1009.5 ± 78.12/plant) was recorded in pre-treatment treated plot followed by thrips (706.17 ± 34.26/plant), mites (572.5± 33.00/plant) and whiteflies (209.83 ± 19.76/plant) respectively. Whereas, the overall maximum mean population of jassids (1322.44 ± 8.6/plant6) was recorded in pre-treatment control plot, followed by thrips (828.05 ± 6.77/plant), mites (640.55 ± 5.95/plant) and whiteflies (267.38 ± 4.74/plant) respectively. However, the overall maximum mean of jassids (434.27 ± 4.91/plant) were recorded in post-treatment control plot, followed by thrips (278.11 ± 3.93/plant), mites (134.11 ± 2.63/plant) and whiteflies (18.83 ± 0.99/plant), respectively. The results further revealed that the statistical analysis of data through paired T-test between treated and control plot of jassids, whiteflies, thrips and mites showed significantly different at (P<0.05) level. Whereas, the statistical analysis of data through paired T-test between pre-treatment and post-treatment of jassids, whiteflies, thrips and mites also showed significantly different at (P <0.05) level.

Keywords: Biological control, Chrysoperla carnea, Suckinginsect pestsa, Okra crop.

Influence of Metal ions, Surfactants and Organic Solvents on the Catalytic Performance of Levansucrase from Zymomonas mobilis KIBGE-IB14 Pages 41-46

Influence of Metal ions, Surfactants and Organic Solvents on the Catalytic Performance of Levansucrase from Zymomonas mobilis KIBGE-IB14
Pages 41-46Creative Commons License

Sidra Shaheen, Afsheen Aman and Nadir Naveed Siddiqui
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.07
Published: 16 March 2017

Abstract: A significant progress has been made in discovering and developing new bacterial polysaccharides producing enzymes possessing extremely functional properties. Levan is a natural polymer of fructose linked by β (2→6) glycosidic bond which is produced by transfructosylation reaction in the presence of levansucrase. Among wide range of microorganisms, Zymomonas mobilis is considered as the most promising candidate for the production of extracellular levansucrase. It has potential applications in multiple industries from pharmaceutics, cosmetics to food industries. Determination of levansucrase characteristics is necessary to increase its industrial applications. This concept has directed much interest towards enzyme characterization by observing its effects against different chemicals. The present investigation focused on the characterization of levansucrase by observing its behavior with reference to different metal ions, surfactants and organic solvents. The results showed that these chemicals acted as activators, inhibitors or stabilizers. In metal ions, different activators (K+, Na+, Cs+, Ba+2, Ca+2, Cu+2, Mg+2 and Mn+2 ) and inhibitors (Co+2, Hg+2 , Fe+3and Al+3) were investigated. Among them, Hg+2 found to be strong inhibitor as it inhibits enzyme activity by 92% at 1 mM. Non-ionic surfactants i.e. triton X-100, tween-20 and tween-80 considered as stabilizers while anionic surfactant such as sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) inhibited the enzyme activity by 11%. Moreover, ethanol and methanol stabilized the enzyme activity while other solvents observed as inhibitors or stimulators.

Keywords: Transfructosylation, levan, characterization, sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), activators and inhibitors.

Impact of Different Oils as Biopesticide against Sucking Insect Pests in Cotton Pages 34-40

Impact of Different Oils as Biopesticide against Sucking Insect Pests in Cotton
Pages 34-40Creative Commons License

Lubna Bashir Rajput, Arfan Ahmed Gilal, Aslam Bukero and Niaz Ahmed Wahocho
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.06
Published: 16 March 2017

Abstract: The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of various botanical products on population of sucking complex on cotton crop. The study was conducted at the experimental area of Entomology section, Agriculture Research Institute, Tando Jam during the Kharif Season-2004. Five bio-pesticides i.e. neem oil (500ml/acre), cooking oil (750 ml/acre), linseed oil (750ml/acre), hing (290gm/acre) and cotton oil (750ml/acre) were applied twice against sucking complex (jassid, thrip and whitefly) and compared with an untreated control. It was observed that the efficacy of different bio-pesticides against sucking complex (jassid, whitefly and thrips) varied significantly. All products reduced pest population during both sprays. On an average, neem oil (63.27%) and cotton oil (62.01%) were found to be superior in reducing sucking pest, followed by hing (58.25%), cooking oil (57.18%) and linseed oil (55.24%) respectively.

Keywords: Cotton, Biopesticides, Sucking pests, Oils.

Modeling the Rice Land Suitability Using GIS and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis Approach in Sindh, Pakistan Pages 26-33

Modeling the Rice Land Suitability Using GIS and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis Approach in Sindh, Pakistan
Pages 26-33Creative Commons License

Anila Naz and Haroon Rasheed
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.05
Published: 01 March 2017

Abstract: The objective of this research was to evaluate rice land suitability in Sindh, Pakistan, by designing GIS-based Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) spatial model to aggregate interdisciplinary aspects including factors of soil physical and chemical properties, ground water quality, soil pH, agro-ecological zones, canal command area and temperature. A constraint map of water bodies was also utilized in this model. On the basis of these parameters,standardized raster maps were created, and then Pair-Wise Comparison Matrix (PWCM) of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) was developed to calculate significant weights by means of Principal Eigen vector by Saaty’s method, with accepted Consistency Ratio (CR) of 0.10. Furthermore, Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) employing Weighted Linear Combination (WLC) aggregated all the suitability maps to yield rice land suitability map. Final output map of this work demonstrated 30.2% increase in area suitable for rice cultivation with an increased production of 14,716,592.17 tonnes as compared to existing rice practices in Sindh. This increase in the area and production of the potential land shows the capability of our novel model and offers an opportunity to improve cultivation by providing the much required information at local level that could benefit farmers, vision scientists and decision makers to select appropriate cropping site and agricultural planning making the best use of available data.

Keywords: Suitability map, Factor, Constraint, AHP, Pair-Wise Comparison Matrix, Principal Eigen vector, MCE, Weighted Linear Combination, Overlay, Area, Production, ArcGIS, Erdas Imagine, Idrisi Selva.

Smoothness and Monotone Decreasingness of the Solution to the BCS-Bogoliubov Gap Equation for Superconductivity Pages 17-25

Smoothness and Monotone Decreasingness of the Solution to the BCS-Bogoliubov Gap Equation for Superconductivity
Pages 17-25Creative Commons License

Shuji Watanabe and Ken Kuriyama
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.04
Published: 01 March 2017

Abstract: We show the temperature dependence such as smoothness and monotone decreasingness with respect to the temperature of the solution to the BCS-Bogoliubov gap equation for superconductivity. Here the temperature belongs to the closed interval [0,t] with t >0 nearly equal to half of the transition temperature. We show that the solution is continuous with respect to both the temperature and the energy, and that the solution is Lipschitz continuous and monotone decreasing with respect to the temperature. Moreover, we show that the solution is partially differentiable with respect to the temperature twice and the second-order partial derivative is continuous with respect to both the temperature and the energy, or that the solution is approximated by such a smooth function.

Keywords: Smoothness, monotone decreasingness, temperature, solution to the BCS-Bogoliubov gap equation, superconductivity.

Effect of Okra Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus (OYVMV) on Plant Growth and Yield Pages 12-16

Effect of Okra Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus (OYVMV) on Plant Growth and Yield
Pages 12-16Creative Commons License

Riaz Uddin, Parwaiz Ahmed Baloch, Sajid Iqbal, Qazi Mehmood Ali, Akhlaq Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Bhutto and Syed Shahbuddin Qadri

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.03
Published: 03 Feburary 2017

Abstract: A pot experiment was conducted in order to know the phosphorus requirement of wheat as affected by different levels of phosphorus (P) for obtaining 95% relative yield grown in four soil series i.e. Gishkori, Buzdar, Sultanpur and Tikken of Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The various treatment levels were consisted of 0, 5.5, 11.0, 16.5 and 22.0 mg P/kg of soil. Wheat dry matter yield remained at highest (1.1g) where P was supplemented at 22.0 mg P/kg in Gishkori and lowest (0.95g) in Tikken soil with the same P applied level. An increase in phosphorus concentration was recorded in wheat shoot with an increase in applied P level. Maximum phosphorus percentages recorded in wheat were 0.28 and 0.26 grown in Gishkori and Buzdar soil series followed by Sultanpur and Tikken with values of 0.11 and 0.10 respectively against P applied level of 22.0 mg P/kg soil. Minimum P concentration was noted in control. The phosphorus content of wheat and P levels were highly correlated with r values of 0.99. 0.99. 0.98 and 0.74 for Gishkori, Buzdar, Sultanpur and Tikken soil series respectively.

Keywords: Phosphorus, Adsorption Capacity, Soil Series, Wheat.

Antibiotic Susceptibility of Brucella abortus Isolated from Milk and Blood Samples of Cattle Pages 8-11

Antibiotic Susceptibility of Brucella abortus Isolated from Milk and Blood Samples of Cattle
Pages 8-11Creative Commons License

Shahid Hussain Abro, Mustafa Khan, Rani Abro, Riaz Ahmed Leghari, Huma Rizwana, Abdul Rehman, Hassina Baloach, Muhammad Rafiq Rind, Aneela Yasmin, Sarfraz Ali Tunio, Riaz Hussain and S. Shahzad Ali
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.02
Published: 03 Feburary 2017

Abstract: The bacterial species belongs to genus Brucella produce infections in humans, farm and wild animals are known as Brucellosis. In normal routine there is rational misuse of drugs especially broad spectrum poses a great concern for the treatment of Brucellosis in cattle. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of locally available various antibiotics against the Brucella abortus isolated from Lohani and Holstein cattle breeds. Various antibiotics such as kanamicin, chloramphenicol, rifapmicin, gentamycin, enroflaxcin, tertracyline, streptomycin, tobramycin and pencillin were tested against the isolated Brucella abortus. Brucella abortus was found highly sensitive to gentamicin, tobramicin and pencillin G with sensitivity percentage 75, 100 and 100%, respectively. The antibiogram results revealed gentamycin and tobramicin were highly effective antibiotics against the Brucella abortus. The organism was moderately sensitive against tetracycline, chloramphenicol, rifapmicin and enroflaxcin with sensitivity recorded of 65, 60, 60 and 90%, respectively. However, the organism was weakly sensitive against streptomycin and kanamicin 50 and 40%, respectively. The organism confirmed its resistance against the ampicillin. Overall, gentamycin and tobramicin were shown the highest antibiogram activity against the isolated Brucella abortus from the bovine milk and blood samples. While, the isolated organism was not sensitive to ampicillin.

Keywords: Bovine, Brucella abortus, antibiotics,resistance.

Effect of Okra Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus (OYVMV) on Plant Growth and Yield Pages 1-7

Effect of Okra Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus (OYVMV) on Plant Growth and Yield
Pages 1-7Creative Commons License

M. Ibrahim Khaskheli, M. Mithal Jiskani, Suresh Puri Goswami, Gul Bahar Poussio and M. Azeem Khaskheli

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.01
Published: 25 January 2017

Abstract: Okra yellow vein mosaic virus (OYVMV) is one of the most destructive diseases of okra plant. In the current study, effect of okra yellow vein mosaic virus (OYVMV) was assessed on plant growth and yield in naturally infected crop under agro-ecological conditions of Hyderabad district. The virus showed the significant reduction in plant height, number of leaves, flowers, fruits, and over all pickings and yield of all the locations wherever the crop was examined in the district. The significant reduction in plant height (48.67 cm) in infected plants as compared to healthy plants (62.96 cm) was recorded. Similarly, significant difference in the flowers formation per plant at all four locations was recorded in diseased (0.912) and healthy (2.165) plants. Fruit weight was also significantly reducing due to the disease prevalence at all four locations (73.25 g) as compared to healthy observed fruits (91.50 g). Interestingly, on overall basis there were more numbers of leaves (20.66) in infected plants as compared to healthy one (16.33). It is obvious from the results that virus (OYVMV) showed significant increase in number of leaves but reduced plant height, flowers, fruits and yield at all four observed locations, thus, pathologists and breeders are advised to work more on evaluation of resistant varieties using advanced molecular tools. The growers are also advised to adopt preventive as well as curative control measures so that the yield losses may be decreased.

Keywords: Abelmoschus esculentus L., OYVMV, Growth and yield.