Formulation Development and Evaluation of Sodium Bicarbonate Tablets by Direct Compression Method – Pages 231-235

Formulation Development and Evaluation of Sodium Bicarbonate Tablets by Direct Compression Method – Pages 231-235

Sadia Mehrban1, Fouzia Hassan1, Syed Muhammad Farid Hasan1, Fozia Israr1, Sabahat Jabeen1 and Naheed Haque2

1Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan; 2Department of Pharmacy, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan

http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2013.09.30

Abstract: Acidity is a worldwide problem caused by an imbalance between the acid secreting mechanisms of stomach and proximal intestine. It creates great trouble in the life of many people. An antacid neutralizes excess acidity and provide relief. Sodium bicarbonate is prescribed as an antacid to treat heartburn and acid indigestion condition. The main objective of the current work was to prepare sodium bicarbonate antacid tablets by direct compression method and to evaluate trial formulation with those available in the local market by pharmacopeial and nonpharmacopeial methods. Besides sodium bicarbonate, the excipients used were lactose, microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel) and magnesium stearate. The tablet weight set for compression was 318mg (±5%). After sieving through a 20 mesh screen, the powder was blended for five minutes and evaluated for its flow properties before compression on a single punch machine. The results revealed that the blend possessed good flow property, compressed easily and the resulting tablets complied all the standards and showed a close resemblance with sodium bicarbonate tablets which are available in the local market.

Keywords: Direct compression, formulation, sodium bicarbonate, tablets.