Determination of Angstrom Coefficients for Masvingo and Makoholi Stations, Zimbabwe – Pages 410-415

Determination of Angstrom Coefficients for Masvingo and Makoholi Stations, Zimbabwe
– Pages 410-415

Brain Mapurisa and Luckywell Seyitini

Department of Physics Geography and Environmental Science, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe

http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2013.09.52

Abstract: Coefficients of the first order and second order Angstrom model were obtained for Masvingo and Makoholi stations in Zimbabwe. Long term average ground measurements of sunshine hours and global horizontal solar radiation from the meteorological services were used as input data. Monthly average values of the clearness index, h and the fraction of sunshine hours, n were determined. Regression analysis was used to obtain the first and second order coefficients of the Angstrom model for the two locations. The estimates from the developed models were tested against measured values and results obtained were in agreement to within +/- 5%. The results also showed that the models performed better with these coefficients compared with coefficients suggested in previous researches. Also the first order model was found to perform better than the second order model for Makoholi station while the second order model works well for Masvingo.

Keywords: Global solar radiation, Monthly average sunshine hours, Clearness index, Fraction of sunshine hours.