Usage Possibilities of Diatomite in the Concrete Production for Agricultural Buildings


 Agriculture Structures, diatomite, light-weight aggregate, light-weight concrete, pozzolan.

How to Cite

Sedat Karaman, Bahattin Oztoprak, & Can Burak Sisman. (2015). Usage Possibilities of Diatomite in the Concrete Production for Agricultural Buildings. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 11, 31–38.


Construction materials evidently affect economy, strength, durability, safety and expediency of constructions. Selecting locally available material will bring a cost-advantage to structures built in rural parts. Such a case is especially valid for agricultural structures. In present study, effects of a natural pozzolan, diatomite admixture on concrete workability characteristics, setting duration and behavior under axial loading were investigated and possible use of diatomite-blended concrete as a light-weight construction material in agricultural structures was evaluated. This research was carried out in Tokat/Turkey in 2012. Concrete samples were prepared by using different admixture ratios of diatomite as a light-weight aggregate with standard sand and crashed sand aggregates. Water/cement ratios of mixtures were determined by taking a constant slump value into consideration. Unit weight, compressive strength and water absorption test were carried out over the samples. According to the results, unit weight, compressive strengths and water absorption in 150, 200 and 250 doses changed with increasing diatomite contents, respectively, from 1470 kg/m3 to 2210 kg/m3, from 20.45 MPa to 1.14 MPa, from 6.04% to 23.85%. Results revealed significant cost-savings by using diatomite aggregate to produce light-weight concrete blocks to be used in agricultural structures. It was also concluded that such blocks might provide significant insulative advantages for heat-balance of livestock barns..


Cavaleri L, Miraglia N, Papia M. Pumice Concrete for Structural Wall Panels. Eng Str 2003; 25: 115-125.

Karaman S. Lightweight Construction Materials for Agricultural Structures. J Agr Fac H R U 2007; 11(1/2): 63-69.

Neville AM and Brooks JJ. Concrete Technology. In: Longman Sci Tec Pub 1987; p. 438.

Demirboga R, Orung I, Gul R. Effects of Expanded Perlite Aggregate and Mineral Admixtures on the Compressive Strength of Low-Density Concretes. Cem Con Res 2001; 31: 1627-1632.

Chandra S and Berntsson L. Lightweight Aggregate Concrete. In: Noyes Publications 2003; p. 430.

ASTM C 618-94. Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete 1994.

Neville AM. Properties of Concrete. In: John Wiley & Sons Inc, New York 1995.

ASTM C332-87 (Reapproved 1991). Standard Specification for Lightweight Aggregates for Insulating Concrete 1987.

TS 9773 Diatomite-Heat Insulating Material. In: Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara 2009.

TS 1114 EN 13055-1. Lightweight aggregates-Part 1: Lightweight Aggregates for Concrete, Mortar and Grout. In: Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara 1986.

Fragoulis D, Stamatakis MG, Chaniotakis E, Columbus G. Characterization of Lightweight Aggregates Produced with Clayey Diatomite Rocks Originating from Greece. Mat Char 2004; 53(2-4): 307-316.

Uyguno?lu T and Unal O. Use of Diatomite in the Production of Lightweight Block. J Polyt 2006; 9(1): 65-70.

Anonymous. Data of Adoçim Tokat Cement Factory, Tokat 2012a.

TS EN 197-1. Cement-Part: Composition, Specification and Conformity Criteria for Common Cements In: Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara 2012a.

Tutmaz SI, Karaman S. Utilization Possibility of Natural Aggregate Resources in Central Town of Tokat as Concrete Aggregate. J Tekirdag Agr Fac 2010; 7(1): 71-83.

Anonymous. http: //begtugmineral,net/; 2012b.

TS 2511. Mix Design for Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete. In: Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara 1977.

TS EN 12350-2. Testing fresh Concrete-Part 2: Slump Test In: Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara 2010a.

TS EN 206-1. Concrete-Part-1: Specification, Performance, Production and Conformity. In: Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara 2002.

TS Testing Hardened Concrete-Part 3: Compressive Strength of Test Specimens. In: Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara 2012b.

TS EN 12390-2. Testing Hardness Concrete-Part 2: Making and Curing Specimens for Strength Tests In: Turkish Standards Institution, Ankara 2010b

McClune CR, Moorhouse J. The Development of Waterproof Insulating Materials Based on Lightweight Concrete. Mag Con Res 1981; 33(114): 35-40.

Khandaker M, Anwar H. Properties of Volcanic Pumice Based Cement and Lightweight Concrete. Cem Con Res 2004; 34: 283-291.

Sisman CB, Kocaman I, Gezer E. Research on Using Possibility of Lightweight Concrete Produced with Natural Zeolite in Agricultural Buildings. J Tekirdag Agr Fac 2008; 5(2): 187-195.

Chen B, Liu J. Experimental application of mineral admixtures in lightweight concrete with high strength and workability. Cons Buil Mat 2008; 22: 1108-1113.

Mouli M, Khelafi H. Performance Chracteristics of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete Containing Natural Puzzolan. Buil Env 2008; 43: 31-36.

Kocaman I, Sisman CB, Gezer E. Investigation the Using Possibilities of Some Mineral-Bound Organic Composites as Thermal Insulation Material in Rural Buildings. Sci Res Ess 2011; 6(7): 1673-1680.

Uysal H, Demirboga R, Sahin R, Gul R. The Effects of Different Cement Dosage and Pumice Aggregate Ratios on the Thermal Conductivity and Density of Concrete. Cem Con Res 2004; 34: 845-848.

Sisman CB, Gezer E. Performance Characteristics of Concrete Containing Natural and Artificial Pozzolans. J Food Agr Env 2011; 9(2): 132-136.

Haque MN, Al-Khaiata H, Kayal? O. Strength and Durability of Lightweight Concrete. Cem Con Comp 2004; 26: 307-314.

Mindess S, Young JF. Concrete, Prentice-Hall. New Jersey 1981.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences