Fire Protection Services in Karachi


 Firefighting services, city structure, buildings, road network, and people’s response.

How to Cite

Syed Shahid Ali. (2015). Fire Protection Services in Karachi. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 11, 176–183.


Public services are the active organs of governments facilitating people to a level of comfort. The provision of these services is an essential part for exercising power by a government. Fire protection is also one of the basic public services which plays a significant role in emergencies. Generally, their service brings a relief helping people to come out of a situation of panic and terror. Karachi is a mega city with a population of more than twenty million and about three million households have only twenty two firefighting station set ups, roughly one station to cater to the needs of one million people. This study is a critical evaluation of effectiveness of these services across the city. Slums and high rise structures in the city pose serious problems in the functioning of these services, besides which encroachments along roads, road conditions, lack of protection from law enforcing agencies, low level of awareness of people regarding fire incidence and finally lack of firefighting attributes and government support are the major problems.


Cote AE. Basics of Fire and Fire Science. Organizing for Fire And Rescue Services. Jones Bartlett Publishers 2003; p. 92. ISBN 978-0-87765-577-0.

Dillon M, Garland L. Ancient Rome: From the Early Republic to the Assassination of Julius Caesar 2005; ISBN 9780415224581.

Klinoff R. Public Fire Protection. Introduction to Fire Protection, 3rd Edition. Thomson Delmar Learning 2007; p. 59. ISBN 978-1-4180-0177-3.

Grace K. Irish Cincinnati. Arcadia Publishing 2012; p. 44. Retrieved 2013-05-06.

Hensler B. Crucible of Fire: Nineteenth-Century Urban Fires and the Making of the Modern Fire Service. Potomac Books, Inc. 2011; pp. 1-2. ISBN 978-1-59797-684-8. Retrieved 4 October 2011.

Braidwood J. James Braidwood and the London Fire Engine Establishment (LFEE). London Fire Brigade 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-04.

Pelling M, Wisner B. Disaster Risk Reduction. Case from Urban areas of Africa. Earth scans Publishers: London, UK 2009.

Spaliviero M. Integrating slum upgrading and vulnerability reduction in Mozambique. Open House International 2006; 3(1): 106-115.

Jaya Kumar GS. Disaster management and social development. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 2000; 20(7): 66-81.

Shaluf IM, Hamden F, Said AM. A review of disaster and crisis. Disaster Prevention and Management 2003; 12(1): 24-32.

ISDR. Women, Disaster Reduction and Sustainable Development, UN/ISDR, Geneva 2002.

GOK. Feasibility study on fire disaster prevention and management: Municipal councils of Nyahururu, Nyeri, Nanyuki and Thika. Nairobi: GOK 2004.

Osorio NL, Hurych J. Literature of disasters from the human factors point of view: a descriptive analysis. Collection Building 2004; 23(2): 64-72.

McEntire DA. Triggering agents, vulnerabilities and disaster reduction: towards a holistic paradigm; Disaster Prevention and Management 2001; 10(3): 189-96.

Hassan A. Pakistan Administrative Staff College Lahore and UN Coordinators Group for South Asia; Workshop on Initiatives in Grassroots Participation: NIPA Karachi 1985.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2015 Syed Shahid Ali