Effect of Sowing Dates on Growth, Yield and Grain Quality of Hybrid Maize


 Maize (Zea mays L.), hybrid, sowing dates, grain yield.

How to Cite

M. Buriro, T.A. Bhutto, A.W. Gandahi, I.A. Kumbhar, & M.U. Shar. (2015). Effect of Sowing Dates on Growth, Yield and Grain Quality of Hybrid Maize. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 11, 553–558. https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2015.11.73


This study was conducted during 2013-14 at Student Farm, | department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Production, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (factorial) with three replications having net plot size 3x4m=(12m2). The effect of three sowing dates 25thOctober, 10th November and 25th November on three hybrid maize varieties Pioneer 1543, Syngenta 4841 and Monsanto DK-6142 was studied. Yield components and grain quality parameters such as plant height, number of cobs per plant, cob length, grains per cob, grain yield, protein, starch and oil content of maize varieties were significantly affected by different sowing dates. It was concluded from the finding of present research work that all quantity and quality traits were promising when the sowing was completed up to 25th October. Further delay of the sowing had negative effects on the performance of quantity and quality of maize. Hybrid maize variety Pioneer 1543 was promising variety which gave the grain yield more than 8312 kg ha-1.



Shah SR. Effect of seed priming on yield and yield components of maize. M.Sc. (Hons.) Thesis Deptt. of Agron. KP Agric. Univ., Peshawar, Pakistan 2007; pp. 1-73.

MINFA. Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan. Govt. of Pak, Economic Wing, Islamabad 2011.

Ramankutty N, Foley JA, Norman J, McSweeney K. The global distribution of cultivable lands: Current patterns and sensitivity to possible climate change. Global Ecology Biogeogr 2002; 13(11): 377-392. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1466-822x.2002.00294.x

Anapalli SS, Ma L, Nielsen DC, Vigil MF, Ahuja LR. Simulating planting date effects on corn production using RZWQM and CERES-Maize models. Agronomy J 2005; 17(97): 58-71.

Tolera A, Berg T, Sundstol F. The effect of variety on maize grain and crop residues yield and nutritive value of the stover. J Animal feed Sci Tech 1999; 79(3): 165-177.

Qureshi AS, Qadir M, Heydari N, Turral H, Javadi A. A review of management strategies for salt-prone land and water resources in Iran.International water management Institute. 30P (IWMI working paper 125) Colombo, Sri Lanka 2007.

Juliano BO. A simplified assay for maize analysis. Cereal Sci Today 1991; 16(2): 334-340.

Low NH. Food analysis, 417/717 Laboratory Manual, Deptt. of Microbiology and Food Science, Univ. of Saskatchewn, Canada, 1990; pp. 37-38.

Sarvari M, Molnar Z, Hallof N. Influence of different sowing time and nutrient supply on the productivity of maize hybrids. Analele University din Oradea, Department of Plant Production and Applied Ecology 2007; 4(12): 134-141.

Abdel-Rahman AM, Magboul EL, Nour AE. Effects of sowing date and cultivar on yield and yield components of maize in Northern Sudan. 7th Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Maize Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, 11-15 Feb, 2001; pp. 295-298.

Hicks DR, Harrington JD, Mcgahen JH. Maximizing the advantages of early corn planting. National Corn Handbook, Crop Management. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. West Lafayette, Indiana. NCH-35 1993.

Saleem AR, Saleem U, Subhani GM. Correlation and Path coefficient analysis in maize (Zea mays L.). J Agric Res 2007; 45(3): 177-183.

Vasic N, Ivanovic M, Peternelli LA, Jockovic D, Stojakovic M, Bocanski J. Genetic relationship between grain yield and yield components in a synthetic maize population and their implications in selection. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 2001; 49(4): 337-342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/AAgr.49.2001.4.4

Maryam AB, Saied KK, Habib SS, Mandana D, Khodadad M, Golbashy M. A study on effects of planting dates on growth and yield of 18 corn hybrids (Zea mays L.). Am J Exp Agric 2011; 1(3): 110-120. http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/AJEA/2011/339

Khan ZH, Khalil SK, Nigar S, Khalil I, Haq I, Ahmad I, Ali A, Khan MY. Phenology and yield of sweet corn landraces influenced by planting dates. Sarhad J Agric 2009; 25(2): 153-157.

Berzsenyi Z, Lap DQ. Effect of sowing time and N fertilisation on the yield and yield stability of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids between 1991–2000. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 2001; 50: 309-331.

OnurKoca Y, Canavar Ö. The effect of sowing date on yield and yield components and seed quality of corn (Zea mays L.). Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy 2014; Vol. LVII, ISSN 2285-5824, 227-231.

Letchworth MB, Lambert RJ. Pollen parent effects on oil, protein and starch concentration in maize kernels. Crop Sci 1998; 38(2): 363-367. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1998.0011183X003800020015x

Munamava MR, Goggi AS, Pollak L. Seed quality of maize inbred lines with different composition and genetic backgrounds. Crop Sci 2006; (44): 542-548.

Gyenes-Hegyi, Pók Z, Kizmus I, Zsubori L, Nagy Z, Marton ELC. Plant height and height of the main ear in maize (Zea mays L.) at different locations and different plant densities. ActaAgr. Hungarica 2002; 50(1): 75-84.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2015 M. Buriro, T.A. Bhutto, A.W. Gandahi, I.A. Kumbhar , M.U. Shar