Distribution of Halophyte Plants in Relation to Properties of Salt-Affected Soils of District Thatta


  • Sajid Hussain Kaleri Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan
  • Allah Wadhayo Gandahi Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan
  • Arshad Ali Kaleri Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan
  • Mumtaz Ali Gadehi SSRI, (PARC) Tandojam, Pakistan




 Halophytes, Salinity, EC, PH, SAR Organic Matter.


The main objective of this study was to survey and collect some halophyte species capable of growing in highly salt affected soils and their distribution in relation to some soil properties of district Thatta. Sueda fruticosa, Tamarix aphylla, Ceriops candoleana, Cynodon dactylon, and Chenopodum album species were collected form Thatta. Soil samples were collected from the vicinity of each halophyte and were analyzed for pH, organic matter (OM), electrical conductivity (EC), soluble Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3-, Cl-, sodium absorption ratio (SAR), and exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP). Halophytes species collected were analyzed for ion (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+and Cl-) contents. Data regarding plant ionic composition showed that contents of Na+ ranged between 3.7-6.9 %, K+0.7-1.9 ,Ca+2 0.4--1.2 %, Mg2+ 0.6-2.2 and Cl- contents between 0.1-0.8 in species collected from Thatta, respectively. Data further revealed that maximum Na+ (6.9 and %) was recorded in Sueda fruticosa and Salsola indica, highest K+(1.9 %) was noted in Chenopodium album species, greatest Ca+2 (1.2 %) was documented in Sueda fruticosaspecies, highest Mg2+ (2.2 %) was observed in Sueda fruticosa whereas, maximum Cl- (0.8 %) was noted in Sueda fruticosa collected from district Thatta, respectively. Data pertaining to soil properties indicated that EC of studied soils ranged between 7.0-18.4dS m-1, pH 7.5-8.0. O.M 0.82-0.94 % , soluble Ca2+ 17.3-33.3 meq L-1, Mg2+ 15.5-24.6 meq L-1, Na+ 43.6-83.4 meq L-1 , Ka+ 3.20-4.50 meq L-1, HCO3? 2.4-5.3 meq L-1, Cl- 55.6-145.4 meq L-1, SAR 10.2-17.1 whereas, ESP ranged between 12.2-19.6 % in soil samples collected from Thatta, respectively. It was concluded that halophyte species Sueda fruticosa, Tamarix aphylla, gallica, Salsola indica, Cyperus irria accumulate significant amounts of salt (Na+ and Cl-)from salt-affected soil and, therefore, may remediate land to the point where native plants could invade and become established, or the site could be returned to agricultural productivity. These halophytes species have an excellent potential for rehabilitation of degraded salt affected soils.


FAO, 2000. Extent and causes of salt-affected soils in participating countries. Land and plant nutrition management service. FAO Soils Bull. No. 77, FAO, Rome, Italy Int J Mol Sci May 2013; 14(5): 9643-9684.

Hasanuzzaman M, Nahar K, Fujita M. Extreme temperatures, oxidative stress and antioxidant defense in plants. In: Vahdati K., Leslie C., editors. Abiotic stress—plant responses and applications in agriculture. In Tech; Rijeka, Croatia 2013; pp. 169-205. https://doi.org/10.5772/54833

Mahajan S, Tuteja N. Cold, salinity and drought stresses: An overview. Arch Biochem Biophys 2005; 444: 139-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2005.10.018

Mamedov EY, Esenov PE, Durikov MK, Zverev NE, Tsukanova SK. Experience of halophyte cultivation on saline soils. Ph.D Dissertation: Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan 2009.

Hasanuzzaman M, Hossain MA, da Silva JAT, Fujita M. Plant responses and tolerance to abiotic oxidative stress: Antioxidant defenses is a key factor. In: Bandi V, Shanker AK, Shanker C, Mandapaka M, Eds. Crop stress and its management: Perspectives and strategies. Springer; Berlin, Germany 2012; pp. 261-316. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2220-0_8

Ashraf M. Inducing drought tolerance in plants: some recent advances. Biotechnol Adv 2010; 28: 169-183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2009.11.005

Yensen NP. Halophyte uses for the Twenty-First century. In: Ecophysiology of High Salinity Tolerant Plants. (Eds.): M.A. Khan and D.J. Weber, Springer, The Netherlands 2008; pp. 367-396.

Niu X, Narasimhan ML, Salzman RA, Bressan RA, Hasegaw PM. NaCl vegetation of plasma membrane (H+)-Atpase gene expression in a glcophyte and engineering of salt and drought tolerance with yeast regulatory genes. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 1993; 78: 261-269.

Lenssen JPM, Menting FBJ, Van Der PWH. Do competition and selective herbivory cause replacement of Phragmites australis by tall forbs. Aquat Bot 2004; 78: 217-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2003.10.006

Qadir M, Oster JD. Crop and irrigation management strategies for saline-sodic soils and waters aimed at environmentally sustainable agriculture. Sci Total Environ 2004; 323: 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2003.10.012

Zhao K, Fan H, Ungar IA. Survey of halophyte species in China. Plant Sci 2002; 163: 491-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(02)00160-7

Heller. Life: The Science of Biology, 5th Edition. Sinaner Associates Inc. 1998; pp. 744-745.

Qu GH, Guo JX. The relationship between different plant communities and soil characteristics in Songnen grassland. Acta Prataculturae Sin 2003; 12(1): 18-22.




How to Cite

Sajid Hussain Kaleri, Allah Wadhayo Gandahi, Arshad Ali Kaleri, & Mumtaz Ali Gadehi. (2017). Distribution of Halophyte Plants in Relation to Properties of Salt-Affected Soils of District Thatta. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 13, 85–90. https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.15