Effect of Varying Levels of Nitrogen on the Growth and Yield of Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.)


  • Niaz Ahmed Wahocho Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan
  • Aftab Ahmed Maitlo Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan
  • Qadir Bux Baloch Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan
  • Arshad Ali Kaleri Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan
  • Lubna Bashir Rajput Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan
  • Naheed Akhtar Talpur Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan
  • Zeeshan Ahmed Sheikh Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan
  • Fida Hussain Mengal Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan
  • Safdar Ali Wahocho Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, 70060, Pakistan




Muskmelon, Nitrogen, Fertilizer, Fruit, Vine.


Nitrogen (N) fertilization at higher rates enhances the yield of crop plants; however, overuse of N in cultivation of crop not only decreased Nitrogen Use Efficiency of crop plants but caused severe environmental pollution. Hence, the optimum use of N is perquisite for sustainable development of Agriculture. This study was carried out during 2016, to evaluate the effect of various nitrogen applications on the economic performance of muskmelon. This research work was laid out at experimental site of Horticulture orchard SAU Tandojam with three replications in RCBD. The growth and yield performance of muskmelon was assessed by using six nitrogen (N) levels viz; 0, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 kg ha-1. Two varieties including Chandny and golden tumbro were used in the current study.The result showed that effect of different nitrogen doses on the economic important parameters of muskmelon was significant (P<0.05) for all the studied traits. The crop fertilized with maximum N had positive effect on vegetative traits and produced tallest plants with more branches. Nitrogen also showed significant effects on fruits characteristics and produced plants with more fruits, highest weight and maximum yield. The results further reflected that there was a significant reduction in all vegetative and fruit contributing characters with each reduction in N application rate. The cultivars revealed a highly significant response to various N doses. The variety Golden Tumbro showed maximum vine length (201.00 cm), more branches vine-1 (3.4222), more fruit vine-1 (6.7339), highest fruits weight vine-1 (3.0056), maximum single fruit weight (656.83 g), fruit yield plot-1 (4.4450 kg) and fruit yield (24.635 t ha-1).


Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO

Bulluck Iii, LR, Brosius M, Evanylo GK, Ristaino JB. Organic and synthetic fertility amendments influence soil microbial, physical and chemical properties on organic and conventional farms. Appl Soil Ecol 2010; 19: 147-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0929-1393(01)00187-1

Peil RM, Galvez JL. Dry-matter partitioning as a determinant of greenhouse fruit vegetable crops production. Revista Brasileira de Agrociência 2005; 11: 5-11.

Bartolo ME, Shweissing FC. Yield and quality response of muskmelon to simulated storm damage. Hort Science 1998; 33: 34-35.

Huett D, White E. Determination of critical nitrogen concentrations of zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) cv. Blackjack grown in sand culture. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 2015; 31(4): 835-842.

Cabello, Castellanos MT, Romojaro F, Martínez-Madrid C, Ribas F. Yield and quality of melon grown under different irrigation and nitrogen rates. Agricultural Water Management 2009; 96(5): 866-874. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2008.11.006

Castellanos MT, Cartagena MC, Ribas F, Cabello MJ, Arce A, Tarquis AM. Efficiency Indexes for Melon Crop Optimization. Agronomy Journal 2010; 102: 716-722. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2009.0286

Tripathy P, Maharana T, Nandi T, Dora DK. Effect of cutting node number and fertilizer on spine gourd (Momordica dioica). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1993; 63(7): 432-435.

Statistix. Analytical Software. 2006. Statistix 8.1 User’s Manual. Analytical Software, Tallahassee, Florida 2006.

Baloch GS. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on the growth and productivity of bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria Mal. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam 2012.

Selvi D, Rani P. Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield and economics of okra in an inceptisol. Vegetable Sci 2010; 27(2): 207-208.

Jilani MS, Bakar A, Waseem K, Kiran M. Effect of different levels of NPK on the growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) under the plastic tunnel. J Agric Soc Sci 2009; 5: 99-101.

Wahocho NA, Kakar MI, Miano TF, Memon N, Baloch QB, Talpur KH, Rajput L. Growth and yield response of cucumbers (cucumis sativus L.) cultivars in response to different nitrogen levels. Sci Int (Lahore) 2016; 28(3): 2691-2695.

Leghari MH, Mugheri AA, Sheikh SA, Wahocho NA. Response of nitrogen levels on the growth and yield of bottle gourd varieties. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 2014; 5(6): 86-92.

Aslam J, Ibrahim M, Ishaq M. Okra seed production and nitrate accumulation in okra and as influenced by fertilizer application. Pakistan Journal of Botany 2013; 35(4): 637-640.

Sutton P. The effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on the yield of okra. Journal of Vegetable Research 2006; 5(4): 23-29.

Ogbaji MI. Response of okra to Nitrogen and potassium fertilizers in a southern guinea savallah Agro-ecological location. Journal of Sustainable of Agriculture and the Environment 2012; 4(1): 17-22.

Prabu T, Sajindranath AK, Dange RG, Munde VM, Rathod NG. Effect of integrated nutrient management on seed yield and seed qualities in okra cv. Annal Plant Physio 2014; 20(1): 38-40.

Jana JC, Guha S, Chatterjee R. Effect of planting geometry and nitrogen levels on crop growth, fruit yield and quality in okra grown during early winter in terai zone of West Bengal. Journal of Horticultural Sciences 2010; 5(1): 30-33.

Prasad G, Nandi A, Swain PK. Soil amendment and integrated nutrient management on growth, yield, soil health, and economics of bottle gourd. International Journal of Vegetable Science 2014; 22(1): 1-11.




How to Cite

Niaz Ahmed Wahocho, Aftab Ahmed Maitlo, Qadir Bux Baloch, Arshad Ali Kaleri, Lubna Bashir Rajput, Naheed Akhtar Talpur, Zeeshan Ahmed Sheikh, Fida Hussain Mengal, & Safdar Ali Wahocho. (2017). Effect of Varying Levels of Nitrogen on the Growth and Yield of Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 13, 448–453. https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.74