Floods are one of the leading natural disasters in Pakistan. In recent decades the frequency and intensity of floods has increased due to human and environmental factors. In this work an attempt was made to examine the flood vulnerable areas of Jhang district and its impact on land cover changes by using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Image Analysis and different indices like NDVI, NDWI were applied on satellite images for identification of flood prone areas and vegetation conditions in study area. Flood prone areas were further classified into low, medium and high risk areas according to flood hazard. The results indicate that, Jhang covers total area of 6357 km2 out of which flood affected area is 530 km2. During the flood of 2010 water area expanded approximately 714 km2 while a decline was observed in agricultural lands which have lost139 km2 area under vegetation
IPCC. Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Available at htttp://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/tar/wg2/index.php?idp= 127. (2007).
Brown O. Migration and Climate Change. Report prepared for International Organization for Migration Geneva. International Organization for Migration 17 route des Morillons 1211 Geneva 19 Switzerland 2008.
Dewan AM, Islam MM, Kumamoto T, Nishigaki M. Evaluating flood hazard for land-use planning in Greater Dhaka of Bangladesh using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Water Resources Management 2007; 21(9): 1601-1612. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-006-9116-1
Sejian V. Climate change: impact on production and reproduction, adaptation mechanisms and mitigation strategies in small ruminants: a review. Indian J Small Rumin 2013; 19(1): 1-21.
Islam AS, Bala SK, Haque M. Flood inundation map of Bangladesh using MODIS time?series images. Journal of Flood Risk Management 2010; 3: 210-222. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-318X.2010.01074.x
Uddin K, Gurung DR, Giriraj A, Shrestha B. Application of remote sensing and GIS for flood hazard management: a case study from Sindh Province, Pakistan. American Journal of Geographic Information System 2013; 2(1): 1-5.
Garcia-Castellano SD, Estrada F, Jiménez-munt I, Gorini C, Fernández M, Vergés J, De Vicente R. Catastrophic flood of the Mediterranean after the Messinian salinity crisis. Nature 2009; 462: 778-781. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08555
Li X, Zhang Q, Xu C-Y, Ye X. The changing patterns of floods in Poyang Lake, China: characteristics and explanations. Natural Hazards 2015; 76: 651-666. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-014-1509-5
Skidmore A. Environmental modelling with GIS and remote sensing, CRC Press 2003.
Peres CA, Terborgh JW. Amazonian nature reserves: an analysis of the defensibility status of existing conservation units and design criteria for the future. Conservation Biology 1995; 9: 34-46. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1995.09010034.x
Kamran T. Contextualizing sectarian militancy in Pakistan: A case study of Jhang. Journal of Islamic Studies 2008; 20(1): 55-85. https://doi.org/10.1093/jis/etn057
GoP. District Census Report of Jhang, 1998. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Pakistan 2000.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2017 Maryam Khalid, Omar Riaz, Azeem Sultan, Muhammad Nasar-u-Minallah , Muhammad Naeem Hassan