Review of Pharmacological Activities of Vetiveria zizanoide (Linn) Nash


Pharmacological activities, Khas, perfume, traditional medicine, biodiversity.

How to Cite

Saroosh Zahoor, Sammia Shahid, & Urooj Fatima. (2018). Review of Pharmacological Activities of Vetiveria zizanoide (Linn) Nash. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 14, 235–238.


Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn) Nash is a perennial magical grass of family poaceae commonly known as Khas which is highly valued grass due to its adventitious root system. It is widely distributed in the Pakistan. It is cultivated in all provinces of Pakistan due to its great economic importance. This grass grows plain ascending up to 1200m. Mostly roots stem and leaves were used for treatment of different diseases by ancestors. Adventitious roots contain essential oil which used for multipurpose such as perfumery and in pharmacological industry. Vetiver oil contains approximately 150 compounds, including sesquiterpenoide, hydrocarbons. Phytochemical analysis of leaves shows the presence of flavonoides, saponins, tannins and phenols. Various tribes of India used this tuft grass for commercial purposes. Khas serve as broom, for cooling, roof of huts and as medicine for different diseases such as sunstroke, ulcer, fever, epilepsy and in skin diseases. In this study we summaries the magical pharmacological activities of Vetiveria zizanioides such as anti inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, and anti malarial, anti tubercular, anti hyperglycemic, anti hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity.


Elizabeth AA, Josephin G, Inbaraj, Rahman F, Muniappan. J Pharm Biomed Sci 2012; 25(25): 164-70.

Balasankar D, Vanilarasu K, Preetha PS, Rajeswari S, Umadevi M, Bhowmik D. J Med Plants Stud 2013; 1(3): 191-200.

Nantachit K, Bunchoo M, Khantava B, Khamvan C. Thai Pharm Health Sci J 2010; 5(2): 99-102.

Snigdha M, Kumar SS, Sharmistha M, Deepa M. Res J Pharm Bio Chem Sci 2013; 4(3): 777-83.

Demirel O, Demirel K. J Environ Biol 2005; 26 (2 suppl): 409-19.

Anon. CSIR, New Dehli, India. The wealth of India 1976; 10: 451-57.

Chopra RN, Nayar S, Chopra IC. Glossary of Indian medicinal plants, NISCAIR, 1st edition New Delhi: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1956.

Pushpangadan P. Ethnobotany in India A Status Report All India Co-ordinated Research project Ministry of Environment and Forests. New Delhi: Government of India; 1995.

Devi S. Tanzan J Health Res 2010; 12: 276-83.

Prakash D, Singh P, Srinivasan KK, Subburaju T, Singh SK. J Pharm Res Opinion 2011; 1(3): 85-8.

Chaudhary GD, Kamboj P, Singh I, Kaliaet AN. Indian J Nat Prod Res 2010; 1(4): 397-408.

Saikia D, Parveen S, Gupta VK, Luqman S. Complement Ther Med 2012; 20(6): 434-36.

Arthi N, Murgan K. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 2011; 2: 154-158.

Elizabeth AA, Josephine G I, Rahman F, Muniappan. J Pharm Biomed Sci 2012; 25:164-70.

Karan SA, J Pharm Sci Innov 2012; 1: 71-74.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences