Effect of Different Photo Periods on the Biological Parameters of Chrysoperla carnea under Laboratory Conditions


  • Qadeer Ahmed Nuclear Institute of Agriculture Tandojam 70060, Pakistan
  • Raza Muhammad Nuclear Institute of Agriculture Tandojam 70060, Pakistan
  • Nazir Ahmad Nuclear Institute of Agriculture Tandojam 70060, Pakistan
  • Javed Ahmed Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam 70060, Pakistan
  • Shahnaz Naz Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam 70060, Pakistan
  • Hayder Ali Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam 70060, Pakistan
  • Nazia Suleman Nuclear Institute of Agriculture Tandojam 70060, Pakistan




 Chrysoperla carnea, photoperiod regimes, hatching, larval survival, sex ratios.


Many insects are known to give response in adaptive way for seasonal changes in day lengths. Photoperiod control’s many developmental responses and allows insects to survive periods of unfavorable environmental conditions. An experiment was conducted to study the effect of different photoperiod lengths on biological parameters of green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea. Four different photoperiod regimes were selected with varying lengths of light/dark hours (8/16, 10/14, 24/0 and 0/24) at a constant 26±2°C temperature with 70 % RH (relative humidity) in the laboratory. Photoperiod regimes affected the development of C. carnea from egg to adult. In complete darkness (L: 0 D: 24), minimum egg laying, hatching, larval survival and adult emergence were recorded. Incubation period for eggs, larval period and pupal duration were also significantly longer in complete darkness as compared to other treatments 8L: 16D and 10L: 14D. Whereas, the treatment with complete light hours (L: 24, D: 0) resulted in maximum egg laying hatching, larval survival and adult emergence. The incubation period for eggs, larval and pupal duration significantly shortened as compared to other treatments.Sex ratios skewed towards female when full light hours were provided for development.


Tauber E. Insect photoperidism and Circadian clocks models and mechanism. J Biol Rhythms 2001; 16(4): 381-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/074873001129002088

Yuksel S, Goemen H. The effectiveness of Chrysoperla cranea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) as a predator on cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii (Glov.) (Homoptera: Aphididae). Proc Second Turkish Nat Congr Ent 1992; pp. 209-216.

Singh NN, Manoj K. Potentiality of Chrysoperla carnea in suppression of mustard aphid population. Ind J Ent 2000; 62: 323-26.

Zaki FN, Gesraha MA. Production of the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea (Steph.) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) reared on semi-artificial diet based on algae, Chlorella vulgaris. J Appl Ent 2001; 125: 97-98.

Venkatesan M, Singh SP, Jalali SK. Rearing of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on semi-synthetic diet and its predatory efficacy against cotton pests. Entomology 2000; 25: 81-89.

Venkatesan T, Singh SP, Jalali SK, Joshi S. Evaluation of predatory efficiency of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) reared on artificial diet against tobacco aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer) in comparison with other predators. J Entomol Res 2002; 26: 193-96.

Ridgway RL, Morrison RK, Badgley M. Mass rearing of green lacewing. J Econ Ent 1970; 63: 834-36.

Ridgway RL, Murphy WL. Biological control in the field. In: Biology of Chrysopidae. Canard M, Semeria Y, New TR, Eds. Junk, Boston 1984; pp. 220-228.

Uddin J, Holliday NJ, Mackay PA. Rearing lacewings, Chrysoperla carnea and Chrysopa oculata (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), on prepupae of alfalfa leafcutting bee, Megachile rotundata (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Proc Entomol Soc Manitoba 2005; 61: 11-19.

Liu T, Chen T. Effects of three aphid species (Homoptera: Aphididae) on development, survival and predation of Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Appl Ent Zool 2001; 36: 361-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1303/aez.2001.361

Balasubramani V, Swamiappan M. Development and feeding potential of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) on different insect pests of cotton. Anz Schardlingsk Pflaanzensch (Germany) 1994; 67: 165-67.

Tauber MJ, Tauber CA, Daane KM, Hagen KS. Commercialization of predators: recent lessons from green lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae: Chrysoperla). Am Entomol 2000; 46: 26-38.

Kurbanov GG. Some data on mass laboratory rearing of the lacewings Chrysopa carnea (Steph.) and C. septempunctata (Wesm.). Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Azerbaidzhanskoi; SSR, Biologicheskikh Nauk 1984; 3: 31-39.

Fujiwara C, Nomura M. Effects of photoperiod and temperature on larval development of Chrysoperla carnea Stephens (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Jpn J Appl Entomol Zool 1999; 43: 175-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1303/jjaez.43.175

Yadav A, He XZ, Wang Q. Effect of photoperiod on development and reproduction in Tasmanian lace wing, Micromus tasmaniae (Walker) (Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae). Plant Protection 2008; 61: 338-42.

Saeady K-EL, AA, Ibrahim IL, Hammad SA, Abd El Fattah SS. Effect of different constant Temperature and Photoperiods on some Biological aspects of Chrysoperla Carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) reared on Cowpea Aphid, Aphis Craccivora. J Plant Prot Patho Mansoura Univ 2011; 2: 973-79.

Chang Y-F, Tauber MJ, Tauber CA. Storage of the Mass-Produced Predator Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae): Influence of Photoperiod, Temperature, and Diet. J Environ Entomol 1995; 24:1365-74.

Hamdan A-J, Effect of Photoperiod on the Life History of the Predatory Bug, Macrolophus Caliginosus Wagner [Hemiptera: Miridae

Beck SD. Insect photoperidism.Academic Press. New York 1980; pp. 392.




How to Cite

Qadeer Ahmed, Raza Muhammad, Nazir Ahmad, Javed Ahmed, Shahnaz Naz, Hayder Ali, & Nazia Suleman. (2012). Effect of Different Photo Periods on the Biological Parameters of Chrysoperla carnea under Laboratory Conditions. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 8(2), 638–640. https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2012.08.02.61