ALarge number of insects are influenced easily by a number of pollutants; such as, the influence of lead (as lead acetate) on Bactrocera dorsalis. Lead is considered to be an important toxic waste which could contaminate the environment, such as soil, air and water. Therefore, insects could be influenced by the lead. Bactrocera dorsalis, was studied at 48 hours post treatment, under the effects of lead acetate, in different concentrations. Lead is found to exert a definite specific physiological and morphological effect on these flies. It was observed that under the effect of lead abnormalities and deformities were developed in the larvae of flies. Thus these flies could present a useful module for the quick transmission of the environmental hazards due to lead contamination, which exerts a specific physiological and morphological effect on these flies. The purpose of the present work was to determine the effects of lead on proteins as a major indicator of physiological features along with morphological features of larvae of Bactrocera dorsalis flies.
Tachi K, Nishime S. Cytogenetic effects of lead acetate. Arch Environ Heal 1975; 403: 144-47.
Michailova P. Comparative karyological studies of Glyptotendipis Kieff. (Diptera, Chironomidae) Folia Biol (Krakwo) 1987b; 35: 43-56.
Short C. Varion in sister-chromatid exchange Proc Environ 1990; 29: 140 49.
Watson N. Chromosome aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges Exp Sci 1999; 90: 64-69.
Wilson BS. Sister chromatid exchange in larvae of insects. Lab 1995; 62: 135-44.
Walter R. Cyntheses prozesse an den Riesenchromosomen J Sci 2000; 128: 80-85.
Porter DM. Mutagenicity new horizons Proc Tox 2002; 55: 32-37.
Ramel S. Chromosomal aberrations in insects. Environ Sci 2003; 16: 119-27.
Talbot PS. Sister-chromated exchange frequency correlated with age Environ Tox 2004; 25: 27-33.
Margim A. Chromosome affected in experimental lead poisoning. Tox 2005; 41: 6-14.
Michailova P. The effect of metal compounds on chromosome Ist. Nat. Conf. Plovidiv 1987a; pp. 168-173.
Timmermans KP. Heavy metal body burden in insects 1988; Symp. Abst., 76.
Qureshi ZA, Hussain T and Siddiqui QH. Relative preference of mango varities and D. dorsalis Hendel. Pakistan J Zool 1991; 23(1): 85-87.
Kapoor UC, Agarwal ML. Fruit-flies and their natural enemies Greec 1982; pp. 104-106.
Kapoor UC. Indian Tephritidae with their recorded hosts. Orient Insects 1970; 4: 207 51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00305316.1970.10433957
Drew RAI, Hancock D. The Bactrocera dorsalis complex of fruit flies. Glyptotendipes J Sci 1994; 128: 80-85.
Bridges RG, Ricketts J, Cox JT. The replacement of lipidbound choline Musca domestica. J Insect Physiol 1965; 225-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-1910(65)90070-3
Laemmli UK. Cleavage of structural Nature 1970; 227: 680. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/227680a0
Tiselius A. for Electrophoretic analysis Trans. Faraday Soc 1937; 33: 524. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/tf9373300524
Andrew AT. Theory, techniques and biochemical and clinical applications. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1986.
Nukhet AB, Elizabeth A. Effects of Nacetylcysteine on 1lead-exposed PC-12 cells. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol USA 2005; 49: 119-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-004-0025-0
Corey OG, Galvao CL. Humanay Salud Org Panam Salud O M S; 1989; pp. 103.
Roy NK. Mutagenesis and comutagenesis by lead compounds. Res 1992; 298: 97-103.
Friedberg EC, Walker G and Siede W. DNA Repair and Mutagenesis. ASM Press, Washington 1995; pp. 16-7.
Chandrik M, Arijit G, Parimalendu H. Influence of cadmium horned grasshopper, Oxya fuscovittata. American-Eurasian J Toxicol Sci 2009; 1: 32-6.
Kalajdzic P, Stamenkovic-Radak M, Andjelkovic M. The effect of different concentrations of lead on Drosophila subobscura. Hereditas 2006; 143: 41-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2006.0018-0661.01939.x
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.