Estimation of Heterosis, Heterobeltiosis and Potence Ratio Over Environments Among Pre and Post Green Revolution Spring wheat in Pakistan

Authors

  • Amarah Batool University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  •  Ijaz Rasool Noorka University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Afzal  University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Ali Hassan Syed University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2013.09.07

Keywords:

 Genetic diversity, pollen viability, grain yield, direct, reciprocal.

Abstract

Globally wheat trade has a major and impacting role in political and economic relationships between nations. Twelve pre-green revolution and post green revolution wheat genotypes viz., Sehr-06, Pasban-90, C-273, Pari-73, SA-42, Fsd-08, Chenab-70, Blue Silver, Lasani-08, Pak-81, Uqab-2000, and Pothowar-73 and their direct and reciprocal crosses were evaluated. The study concluded significant differences and highest values in heterosis, heterobeltiosis and potence ratio were found among genotypes and their cross combinations for pollen viability (Sehr-06 × Blue Silver), flag leaf area (SA-42 × Fsd-08), number of grains per spike (Pak-81× Lasani-08) and grain yield plant-1 (Chenab-70 × Fsd-08). Under changing climatic condition and limited water provision an amalgamation of pre-green revolution and post green revolution may provide a genetic diversity to break the stagnant yield barrier to ensure food security.

References

Stubbs RW, Prescot JM, Saari EE, Dubi HJ. Cereal Disease Methodology Manual.Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT), Mexico 1986.

Anonymous. Agriculture: Economic Survey of Pakistan (2008-09). Ministry of Pakistan, Finance Division Economic Advisor’s Wing, Islamabad 2009.

Sleper DA, Poehlman JM. Breeding Field Crops. 5th ed. Iowa State University Pres. USA 2006.

Noorka IR, Khaliq I. An efficient techniquefor screening wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Germplasm for drought tolerance. Pak J Bot 2007; 39(5): 1539-46.

Government of Pakistan. Economic Survey of Pakistan. Finance Division, Economic Advisory Wing, Islamabad 2011.

Jones RG. Quality requirements for wheat starch and gluten extraction. In: Aspects of Applied Biology 15-Cereal Quality. Association of Applied Biologists, Warwick 1987.

Noorka IR, Shahid SA. Use of conservation tillage system in semiarid region to ensure wheat food security in Pakistan. Development in Soil Salinity Assessment and Reclamation ISBN 978-94-007-5683-0. Springer Book 2013. http//www. springer.com/environmrnt/soil+science/book/978978-94-007-5683-0

Noorka IR. Sustainable rural development and participatory approach by on-farm water management techniques. Sustainable Agricultural Development, Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York. Part 2, 2011; pp. 139-146. ISBN 978-94-007-0518-0

Noorka IR, Teixeira da Silva JA. Mechanistic Insight of Water Stress Induced Aggregation in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Quality: The Protein Paradigm Shift. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 2012; 4(4): 32-38.

Boyer JS, Plant productivity and environment. Science 1982; 218: 443-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.218.4571.443

Rauf S, Shahzad M, Teixeira da Silva JA, Noorka IR. Biomass partitioning in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) inbred lines and hybrids under contrasting saline regimes. J Crop Sci Biotech 2011; 15(3): 53-57.

Kumar A, Mishra VK, Vyas RP, Singh V. Heterosis and combining ability analysis in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J P Breed Crop Sci 2011; 3(10): 209-17.

Chowdhry MA, Rasool I, Khaliq I, Mehmood T, Gilliani MM. Genetics of some metric traits in spring wheat under normal and drought environments. Rachis 1999; 18(1): 34-39.

Reynolds MP, Skovamand B, Trethowan R, Pfeiffer W. Evaluating a conceptual model for drought tolerance. In: Using molecular markers to improve drought tolerance. (Ed.): Ribaut JM, CIMMYT, Mexico 1999.

Noorka IR, Rehman S, Haidry JR, Khaliq I, Tabassam S, Din M. Effect of water stress on physico-chemical properties of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pak J Bot 2009; 41(6): 2917-24.

Hameed A, Bibi N, Akhter J, Iqbal N. Differential changes in antioxidants, proteases, and lipid peroxidation in flag leaves of wheat genotypes under different levels of water deficit conditions. Plant Physiol Biochem 2011; 49: 178-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2010.11.009

Yang J, Sears RG, Gil BS, Paulsen GM. Genotypic differences in utilization of assimilate sources during maturation of wheat under chronic heat and heat shock stresses. Euphytica 2002; 125: 179-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1015882825112

Ehdaie B, Alloush GA, Madore MA, Waines JG. Genotypic variation for stem reserves and mobilization in wheat: I. Post anthesis changes in inter node dry matter. Crop Sci 2006; 46: 735-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2005.04-0033

Noorka IR, EL-Bramawy MAS, Tabasum S, Saljooqi AR. Consumptive use of water and genetical assessment of wheat genotypes to defy worrisome prevalence of water stress. Sarhad J Agric 2012; 28(4): 559-64.

Jain N, Yadav R. Genetic diversity analysis among pre-green revolution, post-green revolution era cultivars, and wheat landraces as revealed by microsatellite markers. Crop Pasture Sci 2008; 60(4): 373-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/CP08310

Akhtar LH, Hussain M, Tariq AH, Nasim M. A review of hundred years of wheat research and development in Punjab (1911-2010). Pak J Sci 2010; 62(2): 128-34.

Khan A, Arif M, Shah A, Ali S, Hussain Z, Khan S. Evaluation of planting methods for grain yield and yield components of wheat. Sarhad J Agric 2007; 23(3): 561-63.

Xianshan W, Zhenghang W, Xiaoping C, Ruilian J, Genetic dissection of the developmental behaviours of plant height in wheat under diverse water regimes. J Exp Bot 2010; 61(11): 2923-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq117

Muller J. Determining leaf surface area by mean of linear measurements in wheat and triticale (brief report). Archiv Fuchtungsforschung 1991; 21(2): 121-23.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A biometrical approach. 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Co., Inc., NewYork, USA 1997.

Fonseca S, Patterson FL. Hybrid vigour in seven parent diallel crosses in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Crop Sci 1968; 8: 85-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1968.0011183X000800010025x

Saini HS. Effects of water stress on male gametophyte development in plants. Sexual Plant Reproduction 1997; 10(2): 67-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004970050069

Ravikumar RL, Patil BS, Salimath PM. Drought tolerance in sorghum by pollen selection using osmotic stress. Euphytica 2003; 133(3): 371-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025702709095

Jager K, Fabian A, Barnabas B. Effect of water deficit and elevated temperature on pollen development of drought sensitive and tolerant winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. Acta Biologica Szegediensis 2008; 52(1): 67-71.

Inamullah, Ahmed H, Mohammad F, Hassan G, Gul R. Evaluation of the heterotic and heterobeltiotic potential of wheat genotypes for improved yield. Pak J Bot 2006; 38(4): 1159-67.

Mahmood Q, Lei WD, Qureshi AS, Khan MR, Hayat W, Jillani G, et al. Heterosis, correlation, and path analysis of morphological and biochemical characters in wheat. Agric J 2006; 1(3): 180-85.

Duwayri M. Effect of flag leaf and awn removal on grain yield and yield components of wheat grown under dryland conditions. Field Crops Res 1984; 8: 307-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(84)90077-7

Kazmi RH, Khan MQ, Abbasi MK. Yield and yield components of wheat subjected to water stress under rainfed conditions in Pakistan. Acta Agronomica Hungarica 2003; 51(3): 315-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/AAgr.51.2003.3.9

Shamsi K, Petrosyan M, Noor-Mohammadi G, Haghparast A, Kobraee S, Rasekhi B. Differential agronomic responses of bread wheatcultivars to drought stress in the west of Iran. Afr J Biotechnol 2011; 10(14): 2708-15.

Abdel-Moneam MA. Heterosis in some crosses of bread wheat under irrigation and drought conditions. Pak J Biol Sci 2009; 12(6): 486-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2009.486.491

Akbar M, Khan MA, Rehman AU, Ahmad N. Heterosis and heterobeltiosis for improvement of wheat grain yield. J Agric Res 2007; 45(2): 87-94.

Noorka IR, Batool A, Rauf S, Teixeira da Silva JA, Ashraf E. Estimation of heterosis in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under contrasting water regimes. Int J Plant Breed 2013; 7(1): 55-60.

Noorka IR, Batool A. Water stress tolerance, its relationship to assimilate partitioning and potence ratio in spring wheat. Am J Plant Sci 2013; In press.

Downloads

Published

2013-01-05

How to Cite

Amarah Batool,  Ijaz Rasool Noorka, Muhammad Afzal , & Ali Hassan Syed. (2013). Estimation of Heterosis, Heterobeltiosis and Potence Ratio Over Environments Among Pre and Post Green Revolution Spring wheat in Pakistan. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 9, 36–43. https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5129.2013.09.07

Issue

Section

Agriculture