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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  • Where available, URLs and DOIs for the references have been provided.
  • The manuscript format and contents adhere to the requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The submission falls within the Aims and Scope of the journal.
  • It is understood that accepted articles will be published with Open Access against Article Processing Charges US$ 630.
  • The authors followed the Duties for Authors as stated in the Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Policys

Author Guidelines

Guidelines for Submission

All the manuscripts should be submitted online as this is a more time-saving and economical method. The authors will be required to add the metadata of their article in order to complete the submission. The metadata includes; Article Title, Abstract, Names and affiliations of all Auhtors, Rights, Language of Article (must be English), Keywords (five) and Supporting Agencies (enter none if the auhtors do not have a grant for their research).

Guidelines for Preparing the Manuscript

Manuscript Format

File Format

Microsoft Word (.docx or .doc).


No restriction.


Double-spacing in manuscripts.


English only. Non-native authors who are not well-versed in English need to get their papers proofread before submission.


Define abbreviations as they first appear in the text. Non-standard abbreviations, if included, should be mentioned in alphabetical order at the beginning of the manuscripts.

Page numbers

The pages need to be numbered.


They should not be in the form of images. We recommend using MathType or Equation Editor etc., for this purpose.


Use the SI Units. If other units are necessary, include the conversion factor and add the non –standard unit in parenthesis.


Define them in the text. Place an extensive list of symbols in the appendix, if necessary.


Manuscript Content

The manuscript should be organized according to the below-mentioned sections:

  1. Title

The title must be relevant to the research being processed in the paper. It should be brief, i.e., approximately 15 words.

  1. Author list and affiliation

Complete names (first, middle and last name) of all the authors, the name and affiliations should be provided.  The contact number and email of the corresponding author must be mentioned.

  1. Abstract

The abstract should be managed in 250 words, briefly describing the research method. It should be concise and include precise details about the background, methodology, and significance. Most importantly, the novelty of the topic, making sure that the most relevant details and the most important results are mentioned.

  1. Keywords

Appropriate words need to be selected as keywords at the bottom of the abstract. It is better if these keywords are different from the words of the title. Only five keywords are required.

  1. Text organization.

It should include the following sections;


The purpose of the introduction is to provide a clear explanation of the problem under investigation. Hence the authors should state the significance and rationale for the study being conducted in this section.

Materials and Methods:

This section should include the details of materials and methods, enough for the reproduction of the findings. Mention the previously conducted studies on the topic with appropriate references, if required. Suggestions and further modifications can also be included.

Results and Discussion:

The results need to be displayed through tables, figures, and equations. Although clarity and brevity are encouraged, a comprehensive discussion on results is needed to reach a reasonable conclusion.


It should include the outcomes of the study and summarize the whole article.

  1. Consent for Publication

The authors must provide formal declaration or approval of the ethics committee and their reference number, wherever appropriate in the manuscripts if they conduct experiments involving human or animal investigations. In obtaining consent, the authors should discuss the purpose(s) of publication, the possible risks and benefits to the patient, and the patient’s right to withhold or withdraw consent. In the case of a minor patient, consent should be obtained from the guardian(s).

In studies involving experiments on live vertebrates or higher invertebrates and plants, the authors must confirm that all experiments were performed following the national and international standards and guidelines.

If the study has been exempted from requiring ethical approval, it’s required by the authors to include the relevant details in their manuscripts. Furthermore, the Editor can request further information regarding this if the need arises.

The Editor holds the right of rejecting the manuscripts if he regards the research as not being carried out within an appropriate ethical framework or if the research involves procedures that are not consistent with the generally accepted norms of animal research.

  1. Conflict of Interest

The authors are required to declare any conflict of interest, either financial or non-financial. These conflicts should be included at the end of the manuscript, before the references.

The authors should disclose any past and present affiliations, funding sources, financial and personal interests related to the reported research that might raise questions about possible sources of bias.

The mention of such interests does not make the manuscripts unethical but should be acknowledged as the Editor must know about any competing interests that the author might have. In case of no conflict, the authors are required to include this in their manuscripts as well.

  1. Acknowledgments

Often a paper acquires its final shape through ideas generated by several people. It is essential to mention all those names that have participated in the execution of the paper. Even minor participation requires acknowledgment to take care of grievances that may occur later on.

  1. References

References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver style).

When formatting their reference list, the authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10). This allows references to be automatically extracted.

Points to remember:

All the sources and related available work should be cited in the reference list.

The material that can be cited includes published work, accepted manuscripts, and manuscripts on preprint servers.

Authors should note not to include any unpublished work or personal communications in the reference list.

Citations must not be included in the abstract. Instead, all the citations should be numbered sequentially in square brackets [ ] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. (for example, “We used the techniques developed by our colleagues [19] to analyze the data”).

The reference numbers must be finalized, and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submitting the manuscript.

Journal titles are abbreviated (to decipher abbreviations, see: PubMed Journals Database).

Only the first words of the article’s title are the ones which generally capitalized.

If the number of authors exceeds six, then et al. will be used after six names (the term “et al.” should be in italics).

If the journal has continuous page numbering, the month/issue number can be omitted.

See below few examples of references listed in the correct Vancouver style:


[1] Shon HK, Vigneswaran S, Snyder SA. Effluent organic matter (EfOM) in wastewater: Constituents, effects, and treatment. Crit Rev Env Sci Tec 2006; 36(4): 327-74. [2] Suzuki Y, Rowedder M. Curriculum system and understanding of nutrition in school children. Int J Consumer Stud 2002; 2(26): 249-55.

Accepted articles

Same as published articles but add “forthcoming” for page numbers of DOI

Typical chapter reference

[3] Mason A. Population growth, aggregate SAVING and economic development. In: Salvatore D, Ed. World population trends and their impact on economic development. London: Greenwood Press 1988; pp. 45-58.

Book reference

[4] Fleiss JL, Levin B, Paik MC. Statistical methods for rates and proportions. 3rd ed. New York: Wiley 2003.

Edited Book

[5] Duchateau L, Janssen P. The Frailty Model. New York: Springer 2008.

Conference paper & proceedings

[6] Vassiliadis P. Modeling multidimensional databases, cubes and cube operations. In Proc. Of the 10th SSDBM Conference 1998; pp. 53-62. [7] An Y, Mylopoulos J, Borgida A. Building semantic mappings from databases to ontologies. In Proceedings of the Twenty-First National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-06) (Boston M, Ed.) 2006. .

Journal article on the internet

[8] International Monetary Fund (IMF). World economic outlook: Growth resuming, dangers remain [Report on the internet]. IMF; 2012 [cited 2012 Sept 10]: Available from:

Jbook/Monograph on the Internet

[9] Donaldson MS, Editor. Measuring the quality of health care [monograph on the internet]. Washington: National Academy Press; 1999 [cited 2004 Oct 8]:

Available from


[10] United States Department of Agriculture. 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (accessed April 11, 2012)

Journal with Part/Supplement

If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout the volume, then the issue number can be omitted.

Issue with Supplement

[11] Pignon JP, le Maitre A, Bourhis J. Meta-Analyses of chemotherapy in head and neck cancer (MACH-NC): an update. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2007; 69(2 Suppl): S112-4

Volume with Part

[12] Vahter M. Methylation of inorganic arsenic in different mammalian species and population groups. Sci Prog 1999; 82(Pt 1): 69-88

Issue with Part

[13] Harrabi I, Ghannem H, Gaha R, Hochlaf M, Limam K, Essoussi AS. Epidemiology of dyslipidemia among schoolchildren in Sousse, Tunisia. Diabetes Metab 2005; 31(3 Pt 1): 285-9


[14] Sierra MA, Gómez-Gallego M, Alcázar R, Lucena JJ, Álvarez A, Yunta-Mezquita F. WO 02/00604 Patent 2002


[15] Citations for articles/material published, exclusively online or in open access, must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s) except those posted on an author’s website, unless editorially essential. For example, ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.

  1. Appendices

If supplementary material for the article is to be included in the paper, for a better understanding and comprehension of the study, it should be placed under this heading. It should be included at the end of the article and should not be any longer than 2-3 pages. A single appendix should be titled APPENDIX, while more than one can be titled APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, and so on.

  1. Figures, illustrations & tables, etc. (if any)


All illustrations should be provided in the camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (including reduction) without retouching.

All illustrations must be readable when reduced to a width of 75 mm (single column figure) or 160 mm (double column figure).

All illustrations should be marked on the back with the figure number and the author’s name.

All figures are required to have a caption. Captions should be supplied on a separate sheet. Line drawing: Good quality printouts on white paper produced in black ink are required.

Graphs lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in the journal.

Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction.

Do not use any shading on computer-generated illustrations.


Original photographs must be supplied as they are to be reproduced. If necessary, A scale should be marked on the photograph. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.


Tables should be numbered consecutively, and each table should be produced on a separate sheet. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the tables and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No vertical rules should be used. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript ( graphs).

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