Prevalence of under Nutrition and Associated Factors among Khat Chewers in Khat Chewing Shops at Gulalle Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


  • Tesfaye Girma Legesse Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Debela Gemeda Bedane Saint Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia



 Khat, under nutrition, khat chewers, non-khat chewers, Gulelle sub-city.


There is studies limitation regarding the effect of khat chewing on nutritional status. Community based comparative cross-sectional study had been conducted from March to June, 2015; with cluster sampling and systematic random sampling techniques for khat chewers and non-khat chewers respectively. The data was collected by using interview administered questionnaire, observation and weight scale measurement among 504 study participants.The study revealed that from entire khat chewers 52(20.5%) of them and of non-khat chewers 34(13.5%) of them were underweight. Khat chewers were 2.102 times more likely underweight compared to those non-khat chewers. khat chewers who had meal twice per day were 2.856 time more likely underweight. Khat chewers who used animal and animal products as their main meal component daily were 0.413 times less likely to be underweight; Whereas the odds of underweight was 26% times less likely among khat users who intake two liters of fluid per chewing session. In other case, those who chewed khat for 2-3 hours per session were 0.231 times less likely to be underweight.Under nutrition is a public nutritional status problem in which khat chewers are more affected. Khat chewing conditions and meal conditions including amount of fluid consumed per chewing session are factors that affect the nutritional status of the khat chewers. Minimizing amount of khat consumed per session, shortening of khat chewing session length and increasing amount of fluid intake more than two liters per chewing session and nutritional management with nutritionist advices are important points.


Reda AA, Moges A, Biadgilign S. Wondmagegn. Prevalence and determinants of khat (catha edulis) chewing among high school students in eastern Ethiopia. PLoS ONE 2012; 7(3): 3-4.

Zeleke A, Awoke W, Gebeyehu E, Ambaw F. Khat chewing practice and its perceived health effects among communities of Dera Woreda, Amhara region, Ethiopia. Open Journal of Epidemiology 2013; 3(1): 163-7.

MP RHCC. Khat (Qat): Assessment of Risk to the Individual and Communities in the UK. Advisory council on the misuse of drugs home office, 2 Marsham Street, London SW1P 4DF 2005; 19-22.

Kebede Y. Cigarette smoking and Khat chewing among College students in North West Ethiopia. Ethiopia J Health Dev 2002; 16(1): 3-5.

Gebiresilus AG, Gebresilus BG, Yizengaw SS, Sewasew DT, Mengesha TZ. khat use prevalence, causes and its effect on mental health, Bahir-Dar,North West Ethiopia. European Scientific Journal 2014; 10(23).

Douglas H, Boyle M, Lintzeris N. The health impacts of khat: a qualitative study among Somali-Australians. MJA 2011; 195(11/12): 667-8.

Kassim S. an exploration of the association between khat chewing and health outcomes in UK-resident male Yemeni khat chewers. International Dental Journal 2010; 174-196.

Dhaifalaha I, Šantavy J. khat habit and its health effect. A natural amphetamine. Macmillan Publishers Limited 2004; 148(1): 13.

Walle M. Khat Chewing and Self Rated Oral Health Out Comes in Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia. American Journal of Health 2014; 2(6): 346-347.

Kebede Y, et al. substance abuse for the Ethiopian health center team: Gondar University 2005: 9-17.

Yusuf B. The health risks of khat and influences it has on integration issues. Mälardalen University 2011; 49. www.

Basker GV. A review on hazards of khat chewing. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2013; 5(3): 1.

Degarege A, Hailemeskel E, Erko B. Age-related factors influencing the occurrence of under nutrition in northeastern Ethiopia. BMC Public Health 2015; 15(108): 4-5.

Abdulwahab I. Al-Kholani. Influence of khat chewing on periodontal tissues and oral hygiene status among Yemenis. Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2010; 7(1): 4.

Birhane BW, Birhane MW. The Effect of Khat (Catha edulis) Chewing on Blood Pressure among Male Adult Chewers, Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health 2014; 2(5): 464-6.

Damie TD, Wondafrash M, Nigussie A. Nutritional status and associated factors among school adolescent in Chiro town, west Hararge, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences 2013; 5-17.

Molham Al-Habori. The potential adverse effects of habitual use of Catha edulis (khat). Sana’a, Republic of Yemen. Ashley Publications 2005; 4.

Wang L, Lee IM, Manson JE, Buring JE, Sesso HD. Alcohol consumption, weight gain, and risk of becoming overweight in middle-aged and older women.US national instuit of health. Arch Intern Med 2010; 170(5): 453-61.




How to Cite

Tesfaye Girma Legesse, & Debela Gemeda Bedane. (2016). Prevalence of under Nutrition and Associated Factors among Khat Chewers in Khat Chewing Shops at Gulalle Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia . Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences, 6(4), 144–152.