Observational Cross-Sectional Study on Dietary Supplementation among Adults in Eastern Croatia


Dietary supplement
essential nutrients
non-essential nutrients
natural health products and extracts

How to Cite

Betilija Fadi Sekošan, & Kenjeri, . D. (2017). Observational Cross-Sectional Study on Dietary Supplementation among Adults in Eastern Croatia. Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences, 7(2), 41–47. https://doi.org/10.6000/1927-5951.2017.07.02.2


The aim of the study was to gain insight into supplementation habits among adults in eastern Croatia. In cross-sectional study 466 adult participants were asked by anonymous survey about the type of supplement they take, the doses of the used supplement and the reasons and motivation for supplementation. Results revealed that participants most often chose essential nutrients (59 %) among which magnesium, multivitamins, B-complex vitamins, calcium and omega-3 fatty acids dominate. Supplementation is mostly aimed for disease treatment (46 %) and prevention (35 %) with musculoskeletal system and connective tissue diseases being the main cause followed by digestive system diseases. Most of the supplements were selected based on the recommendation of a health professional (76 %) and in line with recommendation by pharmacist or as stated at the product label (86 %).



Webb GP. Dietary supplements and functional foods. Oxford: Blackwell publishing 2006. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470995754

Dickinson A, MacKay D. Health habits and other characteristics of dietary supplement users: a review. Nutr J 2014; 13: 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-13-14

Dickinson A, Blatman J, El-Dash N, Franco JC. Consumer usage and reasons for using dietary supplements: report of a series of surveys. J Am Coll Nutr 2014; 33(2): 176-82. https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2013.875423

Boon H, Hirschkorn K, Griener G, Cali M. The ethics of dietary supplements and natural health products in pharmacy practice: a systematic documentary analysis. Int J Pharm Pract 2009; 17(1): 31-8. https://doi.org/10.1211/ijpp.17.1.0005

Menon AS, Narula AS, Mathur AG. Multivitamins: Use or Misuse? Med J Armed Forces India 2008; 64(3): 263-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-1237(08)80111-6

Juri?i? Ž, Jablan J, Juriši? Grubeši? R. Attitudes, opinions and knowledge of consumers about supplements. In: Šubari? D, editor. Book of abstracts and papers of 8th International symposium WITH FOOD TO HEALTH; 2015: Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina: Tehnološki fakultet Univerziteta u Tuzli; 2015; p. 21.

Kofoed CLF, Christensen J, Dragsted LO, Tjønneland A, Roswall N. Determinants of dietary supplement use – healthy individuals use dietary supplements. BJN 2015; 113: 1993-2000. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114515001440

World Health Organization. International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems. - 10th revision, edition 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization 2011.

Rock CL. Multivitamin-multimineral supplements: who uses them? Am J Clin Nutr 2007; 85(1): 277S-9S.

Foote JA, Murphy SP, Wilkens LR, Hankin JH, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN. Factors associated with dietary supplement use among healthy adults of five ethnicities: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Am J Epidemiol 2003; 157(10): 888-97. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwg072

Dickinson A, Bonci L, Boyon N, Franco JC. Dietitians use and recommend dietary supplements: report of a survey. Nutr J 2012; 11: 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-11-14

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2017 Betilija Fadi Sekošan , Daniela Kenjeri