Nutritional Analysis of Mature Unripen and Ripen Edible Fruits of Aegle tamilnadensis Abdul Kader (Rutaceae)


Aegle tamilnadensis, Nutritional value, unripe fruit, ripe, nutraceutical.

How to Cite

M. Chellakumar, & S. Abdul Kader. (2019). Nutritional Analysis of Mature Unripen and Ripen Edible Fruits of Aegle tamilnadensis Abdul Kader (Rutaceae). Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences, 9(5),  283–286.


Nutritive analysis of mature unripe and ripe fruits of Aegle tamilnadensis which is a close relative of A. marmelos (L) Correa was carried out at Presidency College, Chennai during 2016. Mature unripen fruits were plucked from the tree while ripen fruits were gathered from the ground after their natural fall during the month of December 2016 from the campus of Govt. Siddha Medical College, Arumbakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Seeds were removed; fresh fruit pulp was collected and weighed. Such pulp was used for the extraction of nutrients using methanol in Soxtron apparatus (Socs Plus - SCS 06 E). The moisture content was estimated by hot air oven method and expressed on dry weight basis [10]. The methanol fruit pulp extracts were used with standard methods for the estimation of protein, carbohydrate (sugar), energy, fat, vitamins, and minerals such as calcium, sodium and iron. The results showed that the mature unripe fruit contain high protein, sodium and calcium contents while cholesterol and fat contents were lower than those present in the ripe fruits. On the contrary in ripe fruit, vitamin C and iron contents were high. Therefore, both mature unripe and ripe fruits of Aegle tamilnadensis Abdul Kader can be used as a potential natural nutraceutical.


Avery, O.T: Mother earth can feed billions more Wall Street J. Europe 1991; 20 Sept. pg 8.

Aletor, V.A. and O.O. Aladetimic Compositional evaluation of some cowpea varities and some underutilized edible legumes in Nigeria. Nahrung, 1989; 33: 999-1007.

A. C. Ouwehand, S. Salminen, E. Isolauri. Probiotics: An overview of beneficial effects, Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek, 2002; Vol.82, No.1-4, 279-289.

AOAC, (Association of Official Analytical Chemists). Official methods of analysis of the association of official’s analytical chemists, 17th edn. Association of official analytical chemists, Arlington, Virginia, 2003.

Bradford, M.M. A rapid and sensitive for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry, 1976; 72: 248-254.

Coulter, J.B. Suliman, G.I. Omer, M.I; MacFarlane, S.B; Moody, J.B. “et al.” Protein-energy malnutrition in Northern Sudan: Clinical Studies. Eur. J. Cli Nutri, 1988; 42: 787 – 96.

C. Desmond, R. P. Ross, E. O’Callaghan, G. Fitzgerald, C. Stanton. Improved survival of Lactobacillus paracasei NFBC 338 in spray-dried powders containing gum acacia, Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2002; Vol.93, No.6, 1003-1011.

FAO: Food and Agricultural Organisation. World meat situation and outlook. Commodities and Trades Division, 1990.

Hedge, J.E. and Hofreiter, B.T., In: Carbohydrate Chemistry, 17 (Eds. Whistler R.L. and Be Miller, J.N.), Academic Press, New York, 1962

ISTA, International Rules for Seed Testing. Seed Sci. & Technol, 1985; 13(2): 307-520.

IFIC: Backgrounder: functional foods. In: Food Insight Media Guide, International Food Information Council Foundation, Washington, D.C., 1998; 16-23.

Janick, J. and Simon, J.E (eds). The New Crop era. Portland, Oreg. U.S.A; Timber Press; 1990.

Maesk, J., Prespectives of human nutrition. In; Problems of World Nutrition. Vol. Proc. 7th Int. Conqr. Nutr. Oxford. UK. PP, 1966; 780-796.

Maynard, A.J. Extraction methods and separation processes. In Methods of Food Analysis. 2nd Ed. A series of monographs, edited by A.M. Joslyn Academic Press. New York, pp, 1970; 141-155.

N. P. Shah. Functional foods from probiotics and prebiotics, Food Technology, 2001; Vol.55, No.11, 46-53.

Okigbo, B.N. Neglected plants of horticulture and nutritional importance in traditional farming system of Tropical Africa Sypo. On Horticulture crops. In; Acta Horticultural, 1977; 53: 131-150.

Pelletier D.L. The potentiating effects of malnutrition on child mortality: epidemiologic evidence and policy implications. Nutr. Review, 1994; 52: 409 – 15.

Rao, P.U: Nutrient composition of some less – familiar oil seeds. Food Chem, 1994; 50: 37982.

Sadik N. Population Growth and the food crisis. Food, Nutrition and Agric. Alimentation. Nutrition Agriculture, 1991; 1: 3 – 6.

Vijayakumari, K; Siddhuraju, P; and Janardhanan K. Nutritional assessment and chemical composition of the lesser-known tree legume. Acacia leucophloea. Food Chem, 1994; 50: 2858.

Viano, J; Masotti, V. Gaydou, E.M; Bourreil P.J.L, and Ghiglione, G.M. Compositional characteristics of 10 wild plant legumes from Mediterranean French pastures. J. Agric Food Chem , 1995; 43: 680 – 3.

Van Etten, C.H., W.F. Kwolek, J.E. Peters and A.S. Barclay. Plant seeds as protein sources for food or feed. Evaluation based on amino-acicd composition of 379 J. Agric Food Chem., 1967; 15: 1077-1089.

Weaver L.T. Feeding the weanling in the developing world. Problems and Solutions. Int. J. Food Sci Nutr, 1994; 45: 127 – 13

Wong, S.Y. Colorimetric determination of iron and hemoglobin in blood. J. Biol. Chem., 1923; 55 421.

Zak B, Ressler N. Methodology in determination of cholesterol; a review. Am J ClinPathol, 1955; 23(4):433–446.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2019 M. Chellakumar, S. Abdul Kader