Impact of Sand Filled Glass Bottles on Performance of Conventional Solar Still

Authors

  • Pankaj Dumka Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, A.B. Road, Guna - 473226, Madhya Pradesh, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5799-6468
  • Harshit Gautam Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, A.B. Road, Guna - 473226, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Saksham Sharma Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, A.B. Road, Guna - 473226, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Chinmay Gunawat Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, A.B. Road, Guna - 473226, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • Dhananjay R. Mishra Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, A.B. Road, Guna - 473226, Madhya Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29169/1927-5129.2022.18.02

Keywords:

Desalination, Conventional solar still, Sensible Energy storage, Sand filled bottles

Abstract

Experimental evaluation of conventional solar still (CSS) and CSS with sand-filled glass bottles (Modified solar still (MSS)) have been reported in this article. Two identical CSS were fabricated for the experiments. The experiments were designed and performed under Guna (India) weather conditions in November 2021. Sand-filled glass bottles were paced as sensible energy-storing material. The mathematical model proposed by Kumar and Tiwari has been utilized to evaluate internal heat transfers, internal efficiency, and exergy efficiency. For checking the economic feasibility of sand-filled glass bottle within CSS, a comparative cost analysis has been performed to evaluate CPL (Cost per Litre). It has been observed that the MSS has yielded 21.32% more than CSS. And overall internal efficiency has also increased by 139.45% due to the presence of sand-filled glass bottles.

References

Tiwari AK, Tiwari GN. Effect of Cover Inclination and Water Depth on Performance of a Solar Still for Indian Climatic Conditions. J Sol Energy Eng 2008; 130: 024502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2844450 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2844450

Yadav S, Sudhakar K. Different domestic designs of solar stills: A review Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev 2015; 47L 718-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.03.064 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.03.064

Ayoub GM, Malaeb L. Developments in solar still desalination systems: A critical review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 2012; 42: 2078-112. https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.574104 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.574104

Kabeel AE, El-Agouz SA. Review of researches and developments on solar stills. Desalination 2011; 276: 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.03.042 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2011.03.042

Kabeel AE, Omara ZM, Essa FA, Abdullah AS, Arunkumar T. Augmentation of a solar still distillate yield via absorber plate coated with black nanoparticles Alexandria. Eng J 2017; 56: 433-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2017.08.014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2017.08.014

Tiwari GN, Madhuri. Effect of water depth on daily yield of the still. Desalination 1987; 61: 67-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-9164(87)80007-3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-9164(87)80007-3

Dumka P, Mishra DR. Performance evaluation of single slope solar still augmented with the ultrasonic fogger. Energy 2020; 190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.116398 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.116398

Dumka P, Jain A, Mishra DR. Energy, exergy, and economic analysis of single slope conventional solar still augmented with an ultrasonic fogger and a cotton cloth. J Energy Storage 2020; 30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2020.101541 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2020.101541

Panchal H, Mohan I. Various methods applied to solar still for enhancement of distillate output. Desalination 2017; 415: 76-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2017.04.015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2017.04.015

Panchal H, Patel DK, Patel P. Theoretical and experimental performance analysis of sandstones and marble pieces as thermal energy storage materials inside solar stills. Int J Ambient Energy 2018; 39: 221-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2017.1298059 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2017.1298059

Dumka P, Chauhan R, Mishra DR. Experimental and theoretical evaluation of a conventional solar still augmented with jute covered plastic balls. J Energy Storage 2020; 32: 101874. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2020.101874 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2020.101874

Dumka P, Sharma A, Kushwah Y, Raghav AS, Mishra DR. Performance evaluation of single slope solar still augmented with sand-filled cotton bags. J Energy Storage 2019; 25: 100888. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2019.100888 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2019.100888

Dumka P, Mishra DR. Influence of salt concentration on the performance characteristics of passive solar still. Int J Ambient Energy 2019. https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2019.1611638 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2019.1611638

Kabeel AE, Khairat MM, Ramzy K, Nabil T, Elnaghi B. Enhancement of single solar still integrated with solar dishes: An experimental approach. Energy Convers Manag 2019; 196: 165-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.05.112 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.05.112

Jamil B, Akhtar N. Effect of specific height on the performance of a single slope solar still: An experimental study. Desalination 2017; 414: 73-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2017.03.036 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2017.03.036

Dumka P, Mishra DR. Experimental investigation and thermal analysis of a double slope long still: study of heat and mass transfer. Int J Ambient Energy 2020; 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2020.1818128 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2020.1818128

Dumka P, Mishra DR. Energy and exergy analysis of conventional and modified solar still integrated with sand bed earth: Study of heat and mass transfer. Desalination 2018; 437: 15-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2018.02.026 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2018.02.026

Dumka P, Mishra DR. Experimental investigation of modified single slope solar still integrated with earth (I) &(II):Energy and exergy analysis. Energy 2018; 160: 1144-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.07.083 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.07.083

Sharma S, Rathor R, Gautam H, Katiyar K, Gunawat C, Dumka P. Influence of Coco Peat Powder on the Solar Still Productivity: An Exergo-Economic Study IOP. Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 2021; 795. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/795/1/012012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/795/1/012012

Dumka P, Sharma S, Gautam H, Gunawat C. Impact of Solar Powered Fountain on The Performance of Conventional Solar Still. Int J Eng Res Technol 2021; 10: 109-12.

Downloads

Published

2022-02-01

How to Cite

Dumka, P., Gautam, H., Sharma, S., Gunawat, C., & Mishra, D. R. (2022). Impact of Sand Filled Glass Bottles on Performance of Conventional Solar Still. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 18, 8–15. https://doi.org/10.29169/1927-5129.2022.18.02

Issue

Section

Thermal Science Research