Objective: The aim of the present study is to highlight the significance of Art as therapy for the reduction of symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder.
Place of Study: Karachi, Pakistan.
Research Design: Case study.
Sample and Method: This paper is based on a case of a 6 year and 5 months old girl with Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder predominantly hyperactive-Impulsive type and Mild Intellectual disability diagnosed by Trained and qualified clinical psychologist At Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi. She was regular student of Special school, Karachi Pakistan. She was given 25 sessions of behavioral approach to art therapy. ADHD-T was administered (pre-post intervention) for measuring the intensity of symptoms Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder and improvement in the developmental and artistic level of the child.
Conclusions: The results revealed the effectiveness of art therapy in reduction of the symptoms of Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder. The improvement is vivid in the graphic presentation of the art work. Limitations and implications were also discussed.
Results: Results showed decrease in the intensity of the symptoms of Attention.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). American Psychiatric Publishing. Washington, DC. Author 2013.
MTA Cooperative Group. A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD. Archives of General Psychiatry 1999; 56(12): 1073-1086. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.56.12.1073
O’Leary KD, Becker WC. Behavior modification of an adjustment class: A token reinforcement program. Exceptional Children 1967; 33: 637-642. https://doi.org/10.1177/001440296703300905
Ulman E. Variations on a Freudian Theme: Three Art Therapy Theorists, In Rubin JA, Ed., Approaches to art therapy. NY: Bruner/Mazel 1987; pp. 277-298.
Naumburg M. Dynamically oriented art therapy: Its principles and practices. New York: Grune & Stratton 1966.
Kramer E. Art as therapy with children. New York: Schocken 1971.
Safran DS. Art Therapy and AD/HD Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approaches. London, N1 9JB, UK and USA Jessica Kingsley Publishers Ltd. Assistant Professor 2002.
Kearns D. Art therapy with a child experiencing sensory integration difficulty. Art Therapy 2004; 21(2): 95-101. https://doi.org/10.1080/07421656.2004.10129551
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). American Psychiatric Publishing. Washington, DC. 1994.
Koppitz EM. Psychological evaluation of children's human figure drawings. The Psychological Corporation, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. 1968.
Malchiodi CA. Art therapy and the brain. In C. A. Malchiodi (Ed.), Handbook of art therapy. New York: Guildford 2003; pp. 16-24.
Smitheman-Brown V, Church RP. Mandala Drawing: Facilitating creative growth in children with ADD or ADHD. Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association 1996; 13(4): 252-262. https://doi.org/10.1080/07421656.1996.10759233
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences